How to Grow Daylilies
Growing daylilies in your garden will give it an unparalleled splendor. It is an easy and highly productive thing to do.
Daylilies look like lilies but are not exactly lilies. They are native to Asia and they came to the new world in the 18th century. They take their name from their characteristic day-blooming quality. There are daylilies like Stella de oro which re-bloom. Hybridization of daylilies has been done extensively. Almost all colors of daylilies are represented. The flowers are big and colourful in the fullest sense. So, growing daylilies in your garden could make it a color paradise.
Daylilies have a great resistance to environmental or soil related flaws. So, they need very little care. However, there are a few things you should know before planting them in your garden.
Choose the ones from the many varieties of daylilies which suit you color plan. Growing daylilies need sun. So, go for them if you have enough sun in your garden. However some darker colored varieties tolerate mild shading. Little sun in your garden would mean choosing these varieties.
You should plan things prior to planting. Have a soil test of your garden done. This would help you with fertilization, soil treatment etc. Also, since daylilies can be used in landscaping efficiently, plan the landscape. Daylilies look good in lines as well as beds. Take maximum advantage of it while planning the landscape. Planning the landscape, while growing daylilies, will also help you making color choices; hence the cultivar choices.
Planting is easy. The best time for planting is spring to early summer. You should take care that the gap between one plant and the next is between 18 to 24 inches. These plants grow bigger if spread. So, this much gap is necessary.
Care and culture
Growing daylilies do not need extensive care and culture. That is where daylilies’ popularity lies. You can keep a loose schedule of watering. Fertilization is an annual or bi-annual need. The best time to fertilize the soil is in the spring.
As for culture, you just need to cut off the dead flowers and the foliage cleaned of yellow leaves. The seed pods should be removed prior to ripening. This will keep the flower count and size intact. If you are hybridizing, of course you will need the ripened seeds.
Some pests like aphids; spiders etc. can cause a little harm. Remove them. If necessary, use insecticides etc. As for diseases, daylilies are very healthy plants.
Full grown daylily plants grow in a wide clump. It is made up of fans which have their own roots. They can be separated easily. At about five years from planting, the daylilies need dividing and reallocation. Dig the plants and separate the fans with your hands or some tools to divide and replant them.
Growing daylilies does not need much labor. However you will always be satisfied with their performance.